2014 – Ph.D. in History from The University of Hong Kong (Sino-U.S. Relations during World War II).
2008 – M.S.Sc. in Social Science from Syracuse University (U.S. History and War and Society Concentrations).
2005 – M.Ed. in Education Administration from Atlantic Union College.
2004 – M.S. in International Relations from Troy University (National Security Policy).
1996 – B.A. History and Religion from Andrews University’s Newbold College Campus in England.